The effect of benzene on the activity of adenosine deaminase in tissues of rats

Turhan A., Dere E.

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, vol.40, no.3, pp.295-301, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Swiss Albino (Rat rattus norvegicus) rats were intraperitoneally injected with a 100 mg kg(-1) dosage of benzene, a toxic and carcinogenic agent widely used for industrial purposes. Changes in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in the liver, kidney and serum of rats were investigated at 0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64 h following injection. Serum physiological was administered to each control group. Enzyme activities were measured spectrophotometrically. Our purpose was to further investigations of some diseases caused by benzene, and present evidence of variations in the activity of ADA enzyme effected by benzene. While benzene caused significant inhibitions in ADA activity in the liver at 16 and 32 h and at 0.05 probability level, no significant inhibition or activation occurred at other test periods (hours). ADA activity did not present any significant variation in the kidneys. It was observed that ADA activity displayed similar patterns in the control groups. Comparisons of ADA activities in the two groups showed a statistically significant decrease between 4(th) and 64(th) hours (p < 0.05), demonstrating a direct correlation between benzene and its effects on ADA enzymes.