Investigation of the effect of data duration and speaker gender on text-independent speaker recognition

Hanilci C., ERTAŞ F.

COMPUTERS & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, vol.39, no.2, pp.441-452, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Duration of training/test data has a considerable effect on the performance of a speaker recognition system. In this paper, we analyze the effect of training and test data duration and speaker gender on the performance of speaker recognition systems. Gaussian mixture models-universal background model (GMM-UBM), vector quantization-universal background model (VQ-UBM), support vector machines generalized linear discriminant sequence kernel (SVM-GLDS) and support vector machines with GMM supervectors (GSV-SVM) are the classifiers we use for speaker recognition. Experimental results conducted on NIST 2002 and NIST 2005 speaker recognition evaluation (SRE) databases show that recognition performance breaks down when short utterances are used for training and testing independent from the recognizer (e.g. equal error rate (EER) reduces from 10.33% to 27.86% on NIST 2005) and GSV-SVM system yields higher EER than other methods in the case of using short utterances. It is also shown that recognition accuracy for male speakers are higher than female independent from database and classifier. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.