Adrenocortical Adenoma Arising from Adrenohepatic Fusion: A Mimic of Hepatocellular Carcinoma-Case Report


DÖLEK R., SARAYDAROĞLU Ö., TAŞAR P.

Annali Italiani di Chirurgia, vol.95, no.1, pp.13-16, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Journal Name: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.13-16
  • Keywords: adrenocortical adenoma, adrenohepatic fusion, hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aim: We present a case of adrenocortical adenoma originating from the adrenohepatic fusion (AHF) region, accompanied by advanced hepatosteatosis in the liver tissue, and discuss its distinction from hepatocellular carcinoma. Case Experience: A 68-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital following a fall from a height. He was referred to our hospital after an incidental discovery of a liver mass during an abdominal ultrasound examination. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging was conducted, followed by segmental liver resection with right adrenalectomy, and histological analysis of a biopsy from the lesion. Results: Upon histologic examination, the case was determined to be an adrenocortical adenoma originating from the AHF. Discussion: Adrenohepatic fusion (AHF) denotes the histological amalgamation of cells from the right adrenal cortex and right hepatic parenchyma. Only a limited number of cases of neoplasia originating from this region have been documented. These rare instances often present a diagnostic challenge, with preoperative imaging frequently misidentifying them as primary malignancies of either hepatic or adrenal origin, potentially leading to unnecessary extensive resections. The integration of immunohistochemical staining alongside clinical and radiological data proves helpful for accurately diagnosing this condition. Conclusion: Awareness among clinicians, radiologists, and pathologists regarding the tumors that may arise from this region can mitigate the risk of performing extensive resections unnecessarily.