Effects of grafting on different rootstocks on tomato fruit yield and quality


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Turhan A. , Ozmen N., Serbeci M. S. , Seniz V.

HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, vol.38, no.4, pp.142-149, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.17221/51/2011-hortsci
  • Title of Journal : HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.142-149

Abstract

The aim of the study was to find effects of tomato grafting on another cultivar. The tomato cultivars used as scions
were Yeni Talya, Swanson and Beril. Cultivars used as rootstocks were Beaufort and Arnold. Cleft grafting methods
were applied. The following characteristics of grafted and nongrafted plants were recorded: fruit index, number of
fruits/truss, fruit weight, fruit yield, dry matter, pH, concentration of soluble solids, titratable acidity, total sugar and
lycopene and vitamin C. The results showed that fruit yield and fruit index, number of fruits/truss and fruit weights
were improved by grafting. Fruit quality, measured in terms of dry matter, concentration of soluble solids, total sugar,
and vitamin C content, was lower in the fruits of grafted plants than in nongrafted ones. No significant difference in
lycopene and pH content was found. Titratable acid content was improved by grafting. A positive effect of grafting was
recorded when Beaufort was used as rootstock. These results showed that grafting could be an advantageous alternative
in tomato production.