Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and CD34 expression in the human optic nerve and brain in methanol toxicity

Turkmen N., Eren B., Fedakar R., Akgoz S., ÇOMUNOĞLU N.

ADVANCES IN THERAPY, vol.25, no.2, pp.123-132, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12325-008-0016-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.123-132
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The toxicity of methanol is as a result of its metabolites, formaldehyde and formic acid. Formic acid induces severe metabolic acidosis causing death, and is the primary agent responsible for ocular toxicity. Glial fibrillary acidic protein ( GFAP) immunostaining is the most commonly used method for examining astrocyte proliferation and hypertrophy after various central nervous system injuries. The antigen CD34 is expressed widely on vascular endothelium, including that of the central nervous system and high endothelial venules.