Propensity score-matched analysis of long-term outcomes for living kidney donation in alternative complement pathway diseases: a pilot study


Caliskan Y., Safak S., OTO Ö. A., VELİOĞLU A., Yelken B., Mirioglu S., ...More

Journal of Nephrology, vol.36, no.4, pp.979-986, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40620-023-01588-x
  • Journal Name: Journal of Nephrology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.979-986
  • Keywords: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, Complement, C3 glomerulopathy, Kidney, Living donation, Transplantation, HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME, C3 GLOMERULOPATHY, TRANSPLANTATION, ACTIVATION, RECIPIENTS
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Atypical hemolytic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) are complement-mediated rare diseases with excessive activation of the alternative pathway. Data to guide the evaluation of living-donor candidates for aHUS and C3G are very limited. The outcomes of living donors to recipients with aHUS and C3G (Complement disease-living donor group) were compared with a control group to improve our understanding of the clinical course and outcomes of living donation in this context. Methods: Complement disease-living donor group [n = 28; aHUS(53.6%), C3G(46.4%)] and propensity score-matched control-living donor group (n = 28) were retrospectively identified from 4 centers (2003–2021) and followed for major cardiac events (MACE), de novo hypertension, thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), cancer, death, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria after donation. Results: None of the donors for recipients with complement-related kidney diseases experienced MACE or TMA whereas two donors in the control group developed MACE (7.1%) after 8 (IQR, 2.6–12.8) years (p = 0.15). New-onset hypertension was similar between complement disease and control donor groups (21.4% vs 25%, respectively, p = 0.75). There were no differences between study groups regarding last eGFR and proteinuria levels (p = 0.11 and p = 0.70, respectively). One related donor for a recipient with complement-related kidney disease developed gastric cancer and another related donor developed a brain tumor and died in the 4th year after donation (2, 7.1% vs none, p = 0.15). No recipient had donor-specific human leukocyte antigen antibodies at the time of transplantation. Median follow-up period of transplant recipients was 5 years (IQR, 3–7). Eleven (39.3%) recipients [aHUS (n = 3) and C3G (n = 8)] lost their allografts during the follow-up period. Causes of allograft loss were chronic antibody-mediated rejection in 6 recipients and recurrence of C3G in 5. Last serum creatinine and last eGFR of the remaining patients on follow up were 1.03 ± 038 mg/dL and 73.2 ± 19.9 m/min/1.73 m2 for aHUS patients and 1.30 ± 0.23 mg/dL and 56.4 ± 5.5 m/min/1.73 m2 for C3G patients. Conclusion: The present study highlights the importance and complexity of living related-donor kidney transplant for patients with complement-related kidney disorders and motivates the need for further research to determine the optimal risk-assessment for living donor candidates to recipients with aHUS and C3G. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]