The knife of Bursa in Turkish culture: A historical and cultural study


African Journal of History and Culture, vol.13, no.1, pp.19-26, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Scientists who document the history of humanity 100 thousand years ago claim that the first knife made was of lighters 25 thousand years ago. The 75,000-year time difference between man and the first knife should be the process of transformation of human beings into homo sapiense. Sapiens have started to transfer their experiences which have the power to design the tools they use, to the new generation beyond logical instincts. Petroglyphs and lettering were not only carrying information but also lightening the tools and preventing them from being forgotten. Human beings have been able to communicate with each other in different geographies in different periods. With this virtue, they have been able to change their way of life by developing and processing the materials. In this process, the Turks, soldiers and those skilled in their time were the first to process iron during civilization, beyond the era of knives, swords, wedges. In Turks, instruments are not only functional but also aesthetic. This article deals with the history and development of knife, which is one of the most frequently used tools of humanity. Turk’s knives, their place in Turkish culture, importance, types and etymological description have been discussed in this study. By comparing with today's knives, the place, historical development, and properties of the historical Bursa knife were determined. 93 Harbi and migratory knives that affected the historical Bursa knife and the law of firearms numbered 6136 in 1953 were examined and their effects on the Bursa knife were evaluated. In this respect, the article was concluded by evaluating the findings.