Investigation of the Basic Dimensional Properties and Biomechanical Performance of Artificial ACL Grafts Produced by 3-D Braiding Method

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Turşucular Ö. F.

Textile and Leather Review, vol.7, pp.62-87, 2024 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.31881/tlr.2023.176
  • Journal Name: Textile and Leather Review
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-87
  • Keywords: 3-D braiding, ACL graft, bio-finishing, biomechanical performance, dimensional properties
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


In the current study, an investigation of basic dimensional properties and biomechanical performance of artificial ACL grafts produced by the 3-D braiding method was carried out. Artificial ACL grafts were produced using the 3-D braiding process. All 3-D braiding grafts were produced using various technical yarns for raw and bio-finishing grafts. Ethylene oxide (EtO) sterilization was applied to all grafts. The effects of yarn types, yarn counts, and 3-D braiding constructions on EtO sterilized raw and bio-finished artificial ACL grafts were examined. In conclusion; the tensile strength and thickness values of all 3-D braiding structured ACL grafts were suitable for artificial ligament grafts. Additionally, its grammage values were extremely light. The yarn type, yarn count, and 3-D braiding construction were the most effective process parameters on thickness, grammage, and tensile strength values. They can be improved by using x2-layered 3-D braiding structures, thicker yarn counts, and more than 1 core yarn in similar studies to be conducted in the future.