The Contribution of the Activities Prepared with Web 2.0 Technologies to the Level of Learning


Gist Education and Learning Research Journal., no.24, pp.95-117, 2022 (ESCI) identifier


The main purpose of this study was to explore EFL teachers' cognitions about teaching speaking. To achieve the purpose, a sequential mixed-methods research strategy was employed. A questionnaire was administered to 192 secondary and preparatory school English teachers while an interview was conducted with four teachers. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were computed for the analysis of the quantitative data, and a qualitative content analysis was used for the qualitative data. The findings revealed that speaking was not the skill teachers enjoyed teaching and learners liked to learn. The teachers considered speaking as the weakest part of their learners. To most of the teachers, learning speaking was different and difficult from learning other language skills. The teachers regarded group discussion as the most effective classroom activity. The teachers' self-concept was optimistic, but they were pessimistic about the students' interest in learning to speak. It was found that most teachers' beliefs were primarily influenced by prior teaching experiences. The teachers ranked the relationship between their beliefs and the classroom practices as fair. Teachers thought the teaching of speaking was predominantly influenced by learner-related factors. Moreover, there were teachers' beliefs that showed statistically significant relationships to their gender and year of teaching experience. The study concludes that the teaching of speaking is still one of the disregarded areas of English language teaching.