Effects of Chemical and Organic Fertilizer Treatments on Yield and Quality Traits of Industrial Tomato


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Turhan A. , Özmen N.

Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, vol.18, no.2, pp.214-221, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.33462/jotaf.741367
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty
  • Page Numbers: pp.214-221
  • Keywords: Yield, Quality, Organic fertilizers, Chemical fertilizers, Tomato, NUTRITIONAL QUALITY, HUMIC-ACID, VERMICOMPOST, STABILITY, MANURES, GROWTH, SOILS

Abstract

Increasing plant production by protecting the environment is one of the main goals of today's agriculture. On the other hand, the use of both inorganic and organic fertilizers is becoming increasingly extensive. This study was

carried out in field conditions to determine the effects of organic and inorganic fertilization on yield and quality characteristics of industrial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L., cv. Heinz 1015 F1). For this purpose, contents of

fruit total soluble solid contents, total dry matter, titratable acidity, lycopene, total carotenoids, and vitamin C contents and yield (marketable yield and paste yield) were determined. Experiments were conducted in randomized

blocks design with 3 replications. There were seven experimental treatments as of control (without fertilizer), chemical fertilizer, organic farmyard manure, sheep manure, poultry manure, vermicompost and leonardite.

According to the research results, the highest marketable and tomato paste yield were obtained from chemical fertilizer, followed by organic fertilizers and the lowest values were obtained from the control. As compared to

chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers influenced fruit quality attributes more positively. The highest lycopene, total carotenoid and vitamin C contents were obtained from organic fertilizers, especially from poultry manure.

Fruit soluble solids and dry matter contents, important processing traits assumed by tomato industry, were obtained

from poultry manure treatments. Fruits from leonardite-treated plants had considerably higher titratable acidity

levels. Except for total dry matter and titratable acidity, lowest values of quality parameters considered important

in industrial tomatoes were obtained from unfertilized (control) plots. Present findings revealed that chemical

fertilizers were essential for high and economic yield levels in tomato farming, but organic fertilizers should also

be supplemented to improve tomato fruit quality attributes.