Comparison of severity and complication rates of acute cholecystitis during pandemic and pre-pandemic periods?

Ongen G., Nas O. F., Aksoy F., Candan S., Dundar H. Z., Özpar R., ...More

ACTA RADIOLOGICA, vol.64, no.4, pp.1363-1370, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/02841851221137048
  • Journal Name: ACTA RADIOLOGICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Compendex, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1363-1370
  • Keywords: Complication, acute cholecystitis, perforation, pandemic, COVID-19, COVID-19, CT
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Background Cancellations of surgeries for elective cases and late admissions of symptomatic cases during the pandemic period might have increased the number of cases of acute cholecystitis and its complications. Purpose To compare the severity of acute cholecystitis and complication rates during the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods. Material and Methods We evaluated the computed tomography (CT) findings observed for the diagnosis of complications for both acute simple and acute complicated cholecystitis during both the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods. Patients admitted to the hospital between March 2020 and December 2020 made up the study group and the corresponding appropriate patients from one year earlier were studied as the control group. In addition to the CT findings, clinical and laboratory findings, co-morbidities such as diabetes, as well as the admission time to hospital from the onset of the initial symptoms to hospital admission were also evaluated. Results A total of 88 patients were evaluated (54 in the study group, 34 in the control group; mean age = 64.3 +/- 16.3 years). The male-to-female ratio was 51/37. The number of patients diagnosed with complicated cholecystitis were significantly higher in the study group (P = 0.03). Murphy finding and diabetes status were similar between the two groups (P = 0.086 and P = 0.308, respectively). Admission time to the hospital was significantly different for study and control groups in simple cholecystitis patients (P = 0.045); with no significant difference in cases of complicated cholecystitis (P = 0.499). Conclusion Our study reveals the course of acute cholecystitis during the pandemic period was much more serious with higher complications.