In this study, the morphological characteristics of the species of Hyacinthella lineata (Liliaceae), which is an endemic species for Turkey; and the anatomical characteristics of its root, scape and leaf have been examined. In the morphological observations, the biometric mesaurements of the plant parts have been carried out. In the root anatomy, the pith region is comprised of metaxylem elements and in the cortex layer crystal sands have been encountered. In the scape anotomy, scleranchyma cells cover a wide part of area. The leaves are hypoamphistomatic and mesophylles are isolateral. As for, ecological studies, it was observed that this species generally prefers the soils which are clayed-loam-textured, neutral in terms of pH, rich in nitrogen, adequate phosphorus and potassium, slightly saline or nonsaline and show varying amounts of organic matter.