Pre- and post-operative cardiac evaluation of dogs undergoing lobectomy and pneumonectomy


KOCATÜRK M. , SALCI H. , YILMAZ Z. , Bayram A. S. , Koch J.

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, vol.11, no.3, pp.257-264, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.4142/jvs.2010.11.3.257
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.257-264
  • Keywords: dog, heart function, lobectomy, pneumonectomy, pulmonary hypertension, PULMONARY-ARTERY PRESSURE, RIGHT-VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, DOPPLER-ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, LUNG, HYPERTENSION, RESECTION, SURGERY, DYSRHYTHMIAS, DISEASE, VALVE

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the influence of lobectomy and pneumonectomy on cardiac rhythm and on the dimensions and function of the right-side of the heart. Twelve dogs undergoing lobectomy and eight clogs undergoing pneumonectomy were evaluated preoperatively and one month postoperatively with electrocardiography and Doppler echocardiography at rest. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) was estimated by the tricuspid regurgitation jet (TRJ) via the pulse wave Doppler velocity method. Systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria (SIRS) were also evaluated based on the clinical and hematological findings in response to lobectomy and pneumonectomy. Following lobectomy and pneumonectomy, we predominantly detected atrial fibrillation and varying degrees of atrioventricular block (AVB). Dogs that died within seven days of the lobectomy (n = 2) or pneumonectomy (n = 1) had complete AVB. Preoperative right atrial, right ventricular, and pulmonary artery dimensions increased gradually during the 30 clays (p < 0.05) following pneumonectomy, but did not undergo significant changes during that same period after lobectomy. Mean PASP was 56.0 +/- 4.5 mmHg in clogs having significant TRJ after pneumonectomy. Pneumonectomy, but not lobectomy, could lead to increases (p < 0.01) in the SIRS score within the first day post-surgery. In brief, it is important to conduct pre- and postoperative cardiac evaluation of clogs undergoing lung resections because cardiac problems are a common postoperative complication after such surgeries. In particular, complete AVB should be considered a life-threatening complication after pneumonectomy and lobectomy. In addition. pneumonectomy appears to increase the likelihood of pulmonary hypertension development in dogs.