The aim of this study was to present the first airborne fungal spore research results of SE of Turkey. The presence and abundance of fungal spores were investigated with a Hirst-type volumetric spore trap (Lanzoni, VPSS 2000) for 2 years between the periods January 2010 and December 2011. A total of 211,521 spores and 47 fungal taxa belonging to Anamorphic Fungi, Phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota were recorded. Aspergillus/Penicillium spores type, unidentified spores, spores of Myxomycota and hyphal fragments were also recorded as groups. The relationship between fungal spore counts and several meteorological parameters was examined. Cladosporium was determined as the predominant genus (56.48 %); hyphal fragments (14.94 %), Ustilago (13.96 %) and Alternaria (5.79 %) were revealed as the common fungal aerosols of Gaziantep atmosphere. With this study, the first aeromycological survey of SE of Turkey has been conducted and new information on the field of aerobiology in Turkey has been introduced.