Three dimension applications planned according to secondary level visual art instruction program and to practice in classroom: A case study


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: MERT ÜNLÜSOY

Supervisor: BERNA COŞKUN ONAN

Abstract:

Most of the findings related to the development of human beings from the first person to the present day are in the sense that human beings are intertwined with art in every age they live, and that they always use art as a vehicle while conveying their society, inner concerns, traditions, rituals, beliefs, reactions and emotions. In this process, sculpture has played an important role. The gods they believed in, the emperors who ruled, the important people who gained respect in the society has immortalized through sculpture and starting with the Renaissance, sculpture took its place as an art branch.. Three-dimensional studies take place in art education programs in terms of comprehending the form features of the object and expressing the artistic expression in a dimensional way. The aim of this study is to show how the secondary school Visual Arts course can be realized in the classroom environment through the planned activities taking into consideration the principles of acquisition, skills, value and occupational safety. For this purpose, in this study which is planned as qualitative research, three different activities have been prepared by taking into consideration the learning outcomes , values, skills and occupational safety issues appropriate for the 6th, 7th and 8th grade levels and a multi-case study has been realized by applying in three schools from three different districts of Bursa. . 2017 Visual Arts Course Program, 6, 7 and 8 appropriate to the level of achievement, value, skills / competence and occupational safety principles related to the three-dimensional work related to the learning outcomes , sensitivity, love, responsibility and questioning values are prepared in relation to "My Money", "Abstract Sculpture" and "Talking Emojis" activities. Visual presentations and step-by-step application steps were completed and introduced to the teachers. During the data collection process, the activities were observed by the researcher, audio and visual recordings were taken, interviews were conducted with the students and teachers immediately after the activities, and student studies were collected and document review was conducted. The data obtained during the data collection process were analyzed by thematic analysis method and by taking into consideration the main characteristic feature of the multi-case study and the themes obtained were; "Links", "Internalization" and "Realization" were evaluated under the theme headings. The basic structure in the analysis is the differences and similarities that the planned activities emerge in different physical and social conditions simultaneously. Therefore, in the presentation of the findings, under each category, examples and direct quotations from three different situations supporting this main structure were included. Among the results of the research, acquisition, skill / competence, value and occupational safety principles are important in event planning and students can convert related learning outcomes into behavior through rich presentations and step-by-step applications. At the same time, it was observed that when easily accessible materials were selected, students could apply three-dimensional studies, and when they were connected with learning areas and other disciplines and supported by rich presentations, they contributed to the creativity process of the students. It is noteworthy that students who gain respect, responsibility, love and sensitivity values through their three-dimensional applications can transfer mathematical, digital and social and citizenship skills to their lives. In the suggestions part of the research, suggestions were made for the content, acquisition, skill / competence, determination of values, principles of occupational safety, practitioners (teachers), students and the scientists doing research on this subject while preparing the Secondary School Visual Arts Course curriculum. While preparing the curriculum at the ministerial level, giving more space to three-dimensional studies, increasing the course hours to two hours, the principles of skills / competence, value and occupational safety should be given in the curriculum together with the related acquisition without leaving the teacher's initiative. At the teacher level, these deficiencies should be solved by in-service trainings on issues where lesson teachers are lacking (for example, in three dimensions). In the faculties of education of universities, the Ministry of National Education should inform the teacher candidates about the program changes and always cooperate with Ministry of National Education. Researchers suggested that the reasons for the decrease in interest in three-dimensional studies in the society should be researched and the results should be shared with the public and the interest in three-dimensional studies should be increased.