The problem of husn-qubh in Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, SOSYAL BİLİMLER ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Serkan Çetin



The purpose of this study is to determine the thoughts, arguments and counter-arguments of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi on the moral issue of “ḥusn and qubḥ” (theodicy), which has been debated by many different schools throughout the intellectual history of Islam; and the proximity and remoteness of his views to those in classical kalam thought. Accordingly, the first chapter analyses the approaches of Mu‘tazilite, Ash‘arite and Maturidite schools towards the issue of theodicy, their points of divergence and the arguments to support their own ideas, in order to provide a better understanding of the earlier discussions before al-Razi. Subsequently, the second chapter is devoted to examine the terminology of theodicy and al-Razi’s criticism for them, moral epistemology, theodicy with respect to unbearable obligation (taklif ma la yutaq), al-Razi’s arguments for the invalidity of rationalisation of theodicy in Allah’s acts and commands, the unnecessity to rationally knowing the existence of Allah and praising Him, and lastly the predicament of things without revelation.