“Work and Production Exhibition” in-between 1950-1970 art environment


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Salih Gezen

Co-Supervisor: BERNA COŞKUN ONAN, DOĞAN YAVAŞ

Abstract:

The purpose of this research, to reveal the basic tendencies of the figurative tradition of Turkish art that goes back to centuries, through certain research questions and from this point of view to understand the main indicators of artistic change towards the West. For this purpose, a theoretical analysis method was applied by asking the research questions about the content of each part of the research. The “Work and Employment Exhibition”, which is considered as one of the events that witnessed the tension between the commitment to tradition and modernization in Turkish art, has been placed at the center of the context as one of the important indicators of this transformation. In 1954, painting and poster competetion that organized by Yapi ve Kredi Bank due to the tenth anniversary of " Work and Employment Exhibition", is known with many respects such as the first jury awarded event of the transition from modern art to contemporary art in Turkey. The activity has been discussed in various topics such as interactions and changes in the context of the social and political environment of the period. As Aliye Berger came first in the competition, gaining support abstract art and the academic understanding defending Lhote Cubism viii (Anatolian Cubism) begining to lose power, are of the important results of the contest affecting Turkish art. The conclusion section of the research, the questions that make up the context in the introduction are structured over the connections between the all sections. Among these results; the formation of tradition in Turkish art, changing and unchanging cultural values, Artistic communication with the West, the development of abstract art in Europe and America, the formation of understanding in Turkish art facing Western art, and the evaluation of the exhibition and its importance for Turkish art. Of these, also important, artistic changes in the context of the exhibition, the importance of the exhibition in terms of Turkish art and 1950-1970 art environment. Private institutions such as galleries and banks benefiting from the opportunities of free economy and political environment, possesed the initiatives and supports for art, provided by government in the Republican period, in 1950-70s. These years were also transformation years, which these private institutions endeavored to find a place for art and made attempts to encourage the artist in. Conscious collecting and efforts of institutions for art dealing, are also pioneer initiatives in art activities in Izmir and Ankara besides Istanbul. It was the period, in which the relationship between identity concerns and tradition shaped by means of Turkish art, organizers and galleries became a profession and also the galleries, which were private institutions increased, as well.