Bursa khans not able to exist today


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: FİKRET ALKAN

Supervisor: DOĞAN YAVAŞ

Abstract:

Bursa, which was the first capital in the foundation of the Ottoman State, also became a model for the other Ottoman cities regarding urban reconstruction. In this context, suitable foundations for Islamic tradition were built in Bursa. Khans were also included among the structures that were designed to bringin come to foundations. Khans generally two floors in the establishment period had open courtyard that were surrounded by porches in the four directions. Khans were named mostly the goods sold in it, after the establishment period. The most famous Khans are Koza Khanand Pirinc Khan in Bursa. The Khan, which was mostly built during the Establishmentand Rise Periodsin Bursa, was among the in comes of the foundations. Until the 17th century, these Khans contributed to Bursa becoming a world-famous silk and trade center. In the post-17th century, the disorder in the state affected the economy. Especially, in thesecondhalf of the nineteenth century, modernization efforts caused the khans to lose their influence. In this process, then ewstreets opened in the name of modernization in the city and the destructive effects of the earthquake of 1855, many of the khans remained out of use. After that century, the iner city Khans located in Bursa changed their functions and they were called as cheap hotels for accommodation independently foundations. In this study, the locations, functions, typologies, construction and collapse reasons of the foundation khans that have not survived today are tried to be explained with the documents.