The establishment of the Abbasid State and the first caliph Ebü’l-Abbâs es- Seffâh’s period


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: İlknur Apak

Supervisor: SAADET MAYDAER

Abstract:

The Abbasids which took its name from The Prophet's uncle Abbâs b. Abdulmuttalib ended the dominance of the Umayyad dynasty after a long propaganda campaign. They have spread over a large area the revolutionary movement with taking the support of groups opposed to the Umayyad. While the Humayma, where the Abbasid people lived, formed the center of the organization, the Khorasan region was chosen as the activity area of the invitation. The city of Kûfe has also served as a bridge that provides communication between the two areas. Abu Muslim al-Khorasani is the person who has been involved in the transformation of the Abbasid invitation initiated by Muhammad b.Ali into a successful revolution. Abu’l-Abbas al-Seffah was the first caliph of the Abbasid state founded in 132/750 AD. Seffah carried out activities in order to consolidate the Abbasid power during his short caliphate. Abu’l-Abbas who took harsh and brutal measures against any form of formation that poses a potential threat was more interested in internal issues. Therefore, the Talas war, which is an important event in terms of Turkish and world history, could not be given much importance due to the current internal turmoil. However, the effects of the Talas war emerged clearly in the later period.