Urban interface-sculpture arrangement: Ataturk monuments

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2021

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Gürkan Okumuş


Cities have been reshaped and reproduced in each period through continual historical processes. Particularly, public spaces, which are located in city center and become the focal point for the city, are constantly subject to change and transformation. The change-transformation processes in public spaces are formed by the effect of various dynamics emerging with spatial relations and uses on the physical environment. Sculptures-monuments, as signs and reference element that define these spaces, have a characteristics that shapes public spaces. In this regard, it is necessary to analyze and understand the components that shape the character of public spaces and how the space affects these components over time. Public and urban space approach in Turkey, together with the impact of the modernization project thought, was shaped to be dealt with as the focal point of ‘Atatürk Monuments’ in space. Atatürk Monuments will provide a better spatial sense by creating a regular spatial arrangements. As an urban object in the early period of the Republic, Atatürk monuments, located in areas with social, cultural and political meanings such as Atatürk and/or Cumhuriyet Street, Boulevard and Square, have a symbolic formative and fictional power in the identity representation of the place-city. In addition, these monuments have been a determining factor in the formal and notional organization of the public spaces according to changing functions, uses and spatial organizations over time. Political, socio-cultural, economic changes and their physical reflections in the historical process have revealed differences both the perception and style and form of Atatürk Monuments. In this research, the relationship of Atatürk Monuments with the public space is examined throughout historical process, and its spatial determinant-formative effect and role is investigated. It is aimed to understand and evaluate the change and transformation in the relationship between Atatürk Monuments and the public space over time, depending on periodic characteristics and approaches. Within this framework, the study analyze to how the Atatürk monument formed and reshaped the public space and interface along with other spatial components. This analysis is carried out on the basis of certain aspect and criteria regarding different periods and approaches in the historical process. These are parameters, based on a holistic understanding of public space, such as monument-environmental relations and scale, monument- ground characteristics and relations of public space, monument-spatial features and components of public space, monumentarchitectural characteristics, monument-landscape relations and effects. In addition, with this method, political-identity, socio-cultural and physical change and transformation is monitored and evaluated by analyzing various visual and written sources, comparing and overlapping the materials and tools within this scope.