Ottoman-Indian relations in the period of Abdulhamid II

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish


Supervisor: İlhami Oruçoğlu


Although Islamism policy was not used much until the reign of Abdulhamid II, it cannot be denied that it exists. As the most obvious example of this, we see the rights of Muslims in Crimea in the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca in 1774. Understanding the importance of Islamism policy as a result of the uprisings in the Balkans, Abdulhamid II has increased his work under this policy. Abdulhamid II saw the correctness of this policy in the 18771878 Ottoman-Russian war with the help of India and other Muslims. India provided more than 120,000 Ottoman lira aid to the Ottoman State only in the 1877-1878 OttomanRussian war. This was the highest amount of aid in the Islamic world. We see the extent to which the British colony, India, is committed to the Ottoman caliphate in the archive documents. The British, who are disturbed by the devotion of India to the Ottoman State, wanted to transfer the caliphate to the Arabs many times in order to manage India more comfortably. Within the framework of this policy, they wanted the Ottoman State to lose their reputation by carrying out activities against the Ottoman State. In response to these efforts of the British, Abdulhamid II tried to protect the reputation of himself and the Ottoman Empire by working on the legitimacy of his caliphate. Abdulhamid II has carried out various activities to provide the Islamic Union. Hamidiyya Hicaz Railway comes first among them. This project has been welcomed by Muslims all over the world. The Indians vihave not been able to provide this project with enough assistance because of their current situation. The people of India have been in a difficult situation as a result of the famine and epidemic diseases in India when the Hamidiyya Hicaz Railway started to be builted. Knowing this situation, Sultan Abdulhamid II made it possible to sell iane tickets within the state. With the income from Iane tickets, he helped appeal of India.