A sociological research on the introduction and transformation of modern concepts in Turkish religious thought


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: ORHAN AYAZ

Supervisor: Vejdi Bilgin

Abstract:

Modern political thought was born in the interactive conditions of the Western world. This idea, which upset the old political and social order, constructed a new moral system. In this new morality, management based its legitimacy on the consent of individuals naturally own equal freedom, and the main purpose of management was to protect the freedom, security and property rights of individuals against arbitrary treatment. This new moral order meant both destruction and opportunity for liberation for non-Western societies. Turkish religious thought, which is in the moral order built by Islamic political thought, had to face modern modern political thought, both threatening and promising. In the first part of the study, information-society relations were discussed from the perspective of knowledge sociology. Also, the philosophical, political and social background of political modernization has been tried to reveal with the help of related literature. In this section, the adventures of the concepts of republic, constitutionalism, democracy, equality and freedom in the Western world starting from ancient Greece were discussed. In the second part, content analysis has been applied with an interpretive approach to the texts of thinkers representing the religious thought up to the declaration of the Republic. Religious thinkers wanted to mobilize the people by religiousizing modern political concepts in an asymmetrical manner in religious terms to save the decadent Ottoman State. The main purpose of Turkish religious thought is not to make individuals with fears and equal liberties who should consider their interests their Owner and Lord by social contract. Since religious thought aimed to save the state by mobilizing the public, it also looked at modern political concepts instrumentally. In the third part, how modern political concepts were transformed were analyzed over the names representing Turkish religious thought between 1950 and 1980. In this period, modern political concepts in the eyes of religious thought are mostly a product of the "diseased" political life of the "enemy" West. Thus, it is possible to see that between 1950 and 1980 Turkish religious thought attempted trying asymmetrically religiousize nationalist political thoughts in the West, this time.