The effects of liberal discourse on Islamist authors: The case of Raşid al-Gannuşi


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: FARUK TEKİN

Supervisor: Vejdi Bilgin

Abstract:

It is argued that liberalism as a permit makes all the ideas it embraces as a stretch of liberalism. Islamic movements that emerged at a time when liberalism was the dominant ideology faced the problem of positioning themselves ontologically. Islamist movements seeking solutions to the problems experienced were both affected and influenced by the dominant discourse on various issues. This situation led to question how Islamic the suggestions of the movements that emerged with the claim of having an Islamic discourse. As an example of this, Rashid al- Ghannouchi, who gathered the attention and relevance of the world with the Reform Movement in Tunisia, and his Islamic movement line, which he led, claims to try to make Islamist by rhetoricizing some of the discourses of liberalism through the concept of “Makasdu'ş-Şeria”. In this study, answers to the question of whether Ghannouchi's discourse is affected by liberalism by centering the Islamic movement discourse is sought. One of the most important features that distinguishes Ghannouchi from other Islamic movement leaders is that due to his education in philosophy, he can analyze liberalism and the philosophical background of liberalism very well. Even though the problems he faced in the 50-year Islamic Movement line as an action man at various times left his mind in difficult situations, there was no transformation in his ideas and the Islamic movement line he led. He uses various ideologies such as liberalism as a tool and tries to do what he needs for his Islamic identity and to prepare a basis for this identity. As far as our study can determine, the concept of "Makasidü'ş-Şeria", which was previously conceptualized by the Şatibi and those working in this field, provides a new idea ground that we call Ghannouchi the third way to Islamic thought.