Unfair competition investigation against Turkey and the analysis of the incentive applications for exports (state aid)


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Alper Kaya

Supervisor: UFUK SELEN

Abstract:

Foreign trade; is composed of external purchases, which is also called exports and imports, and inc1udes trade figures made on foreign goods and services. A significant part of the economic relations of a country can be observed in foreign trade statistics. Exports, which are considered to be achieving economic development and having a high national income, has great precaution on behalf of our country. Economic growth can affect foreign trade as well as foreign trade can affect economic growth. As economic growth affects foreign trade, foreign trade can also affect economic growth. Foreign trade has not only static but also dynamic benefits. Static benefit represents a one-time benefit of an international specialization and division of labor into a comparative advantage theory. Static benefit is one-off but dynamic benefits are excessive and continuous. These benefits are most noticeable for developing countries. Especially in recent years, economic fluctuations in the developing countries have led to intensification of competition in international trade thus increased protectionist tendencies. This led to not only dynamic but also more complex structure of international trade system. Nowadays, geopolitical and geo economic developments in world trade can not act independently than each other. In order to create and determine necessary strategies, the development s in the world should have to fallowed carefully. Determining the necessary strategies to get more share from world trade has become the key of a successful economic modeL. Innovation with globalization and the production of high value products with added value has become an indispensable element of the enrichment of the exporting countries.Since the export-based growth model is preferred in our country in the ı 980s, export and export promotion has become cruciaL. In this study, export incentives will be examined technically and will be evaluated within the framewark of the international legislation. The measures against Turkeyand the measures implemented by Turkey is also explained. In this study the problems encountered in the existing incentive practices and the solution proposals also suggested in order to contribute to Turkish exports.