Hellenistic and roman cults in Nicaea and its Hinterland


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Mine Özkılınç

Supervisor: MUSTAFA ŞAHİN

Abstract:

Since no comprehensive studies have been done about the Hellenistic and Roman Cults of Nikaia, the god / goddess, the Cult of the Emperor and the "Natural Cult Areas" have been investigated in this Thesis. Votive steles, statues and coins with depictions and inscriptions in the area of Nikaia and its hinterland were examined. As a result, the gods and goddesses who were believed in the region were identified and clarified, what kind of Emperor cult existed and why the people of the region believed in these gods. From the depictions of archaeological materials mentioned above and the information given by the inscriptions, it was determined which gods and goddesses were more worshiped and how they were depicted. Then, the connection of the gods and goddesses with their environment which they were found in was determined for identifying the gods and goddesses in this context with their special adjectives (epithetes) in the region. In addition, it was investigated whether these epithetes were used in cities other than Nikaia and as a result, the religious and cultural structure of Nikaia was clarified.