The lenght determination on the long bones of the human upper extremity belonging to the byzantine and contemporary periods


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: NİLGÜN TUNCEL ÇİNİ

Supervisor: İLKNUR ARI

Abstract:

Forensic Medicine and Anthropology's one of the duties is the identification of the individual by extracting the biological profiling of living and dead individuals. The identification; age, race, gender, and height are assessed by evaluating the biological and ethnic profile of the individual. One of the most widely used materials for estimating the stature of individuals is the human skeleton. In cases of decomposed skeletons exist, length estimation can be predicted from the extremity long bones. In mass catastrophes which human bones that are not available, identification is becoming more difficult at all. Stature estimation it is also possible to expose on different periods by revealing the profiles of human bones belonging to the old periods. For these reasons with the mathematical calculations are made using relations between anatomical formations are revealed and some formulas are developed to estimate the size from fragmented bones. For this purpose, a total of 102 upper extremity bones including 33 humerus, 40 radius and 29 ulna with unknown sex, and in total Byzantine period 236 upper extremity bones including 96 humerus, 84 radius and 56 ulna, which all is male, have been included in the study. After taking the photographs of each bone, measurements were taken using the ImageJ program in digital platforme, and some variables were measured with the aid of a compass. The obtained data were evaluated with SPSS 22.0 software. For each bone which separated by right and left sides, descriptive statics are given. The directions and grades of the relationship between the anatomical formations were determined and multiple regression formulas for height estimation were produced by using these relations. In addition, comparative analyzes were made for each variable with the Byzantine bones, thus the period differences are revealed.