Abbad İbn Sulayman and some of his theological views: Epistemology, uluhiyyah (divinity) and nubuwwa (prophethood)

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018

Thesis Language: Turkish




Mu'tazilah, which is accepted as one of the mainstreams of Islamic thought, has a special importance in that it is the founder of the tradition of Kalam. Abbâd ibn Sulayman al-Saymari, who is one of the thinkers of Mu'tazilah's pre-systematization period, is a person who draws attention in Mu'tazilah due to his opinions and convictions. While naturally adopting the basic principles of Mu'tazilah, there are also his specific ideas and determinations. There is no doubt that he is one of the most pre-eminent representatives of the approaches of tanzih in the School. There is a partial contribution of Abbâd in Mu'tazilah's having a systematic structure. However it can be said that there are occasional closure and inconsistent contradictions in his views because he lived in the era of the formation in which the opinions had not yet become fully apparent. Although Abbâd lived in the early period, as stated, he was in the forefront with his scientific accumulation. The fact that his works did not reach to the present day and his views are scattered in classical sources, makes his system of thinking totally difficult to be revealed, and constitutes the main reason for not attracting attentions. In this study, primarily the classical sources were followed and the modern literature, which do not constitute a large sum, was not overlooked. Abbâd's life, his theory of knowledge, the understanding of uluhiyyah (divinity), and nubuwwah (prophethood) has been studied in depth. Besides, it is tried to explain the basic foundations of his views and to reveal his position in the sect.