Regional unemployment convergence in Turkey: A spatial approach


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: RÜYA ÇİFÇİ

Supervisor: KADİR YASİN ERYİĞİT

Abstract:

Unemployment which is the main problem of almost all developed and developing countries has been discusssed for years in economics literature. The existence of unemployment problem varies depending on the level of socio-economic development constitutes a concern for the countries. On the other hand, socio-economic development discrepancies existing between countries may also occur between regions within the countries. This case reveals that the concept of unemployment has to be examined locally. This study aims to analyze the presence of convergence within interzonal unemployment in Turkey, taking into account the spatial dimensions. In this regard, first of all, the concept of unemployment, types of unemployment, natural rate and hysteria approaches in the theoretical framework have been explained in general terms. In the second phase, spatial econometrics and spatial panel econometrics models have been clarified. In the implementation phase, by considering the years between 2004-2014, unemployment rates which belong to the regions in the level of NUTS 2 in Turkey have been examined as youth unemployment, adult unemployment and total unemployment. In the study, spatial econometrics approach has been used and analysis of β-convergence has been implemented. The empirical evidence demonstrate that there is a converging trend in youth unemployment, in adult unemployment and in total unemployment on a regional basis.