The idea of antipositivist progress in the context of modernization of Turkey: Idea of progress in Mustafa Şekip Tunç


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2021

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Veysel Kaya

Supervisor: FATİH AMAN

Abstract:

The concept of progress, which reflects a continuous and linear development in history and gained momentum especially since the Enlightenment in Western thought has been one of the Central concepts of the late Ottoman thought and early Republican intellectual life. However, the late Ottoman and early Republic intellectuals differ from each other in terms of progress due to their differing perceptions about the methods of modernization. As a matter of fact, Mustafa Şekip Tunç, among the leading thinkers of the early Republic period and adopted an anti-materialist, anti-positivist and spiritualist philosophy which based on the ideas of Bergson's “duration (duree)” and “vital force (elan vital)”, dealt with the concept of progress in its historical development and tried to give an alternative philosophical direction to the modernization breakthrough of the Republic outside the line of Ziya Gökalp-Emile Durkheim. İn this respect, the subject of the thesis is to analyze Mustafa Şekip Tunç's idea of progress in the context of Turkey’s modernization. The aim of the thesis is to analyze Mustafa Şekip Tunç's idea of progress and to reveal the difference of the non-positivist understanding of modernization among the modernization conceptions that emerged after the foundation of the Republic.