Waqfs in Macedonia and their functions in XV-XVIII. centuries according to waqfiyas


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Mumin Omerov

Supervisor: SAADET MAYDAER

Abstract:

The history of foundations as social aid organizations goes back to the time of our Prophet (PBUH), but the perfect time of foundations is Ottoman time. The foundations in Ottoman Empire have served in every aspect of life and had an important role for the development of the empire. Macedonia has been conquered in 1391 and there are many contributions of the foundations about spreading Islam and development of the cities. We have tried to examinethe foundations founded in Macedonia, their founders and the services which they carrried in the light of archive documents. We saw that the foundations founded by executives in Macedonia are more in number and income than the others. But there are also many foundations founded by ordinary people. According to our research most of foundations are in Üsküp, Manastir and Ohrid. The reason is that these cities have a central position and the executives live there. Nowadays the most of survived foundations are in Üsküp.