EU's competence to intervene international disputes: Kosovo case

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2010

Thesis Language: Turkish




This study states the obstacles against EU’s military and political capacity and defines the practical inconvenience of these challenges during the Kosovo conflict. It is noticable that the concept of sovereignty for the states is critically important and governments are whatsoever eager to keep it within their areas. This can also be observed in EU members actions. While EU members tend to take part in the supranational structure, some of their actions are deeply on the other side. For instance, cooperation between member states on customs union are supranational, however it is not possible to discuss about this structure on foreign policy. On the contrary, members tend to keep their sovereignty on this field. EU's future attitude about Union's structure is important. When considering the unanimous vote approach about foreign policy and the unique authorized organ is European Council where the decisions are taken by presidents or prime ministers, EU would be considered as classical international organization. The questions on whethere new authorizations will be given to Commission or how much power the member states will give to the Union are crucial. On the other hand EU, if it wants to be influential to realize independent military actions in accordance with UN resolutions, it has to increase its capacity and upgrade its legislation. Immobility of EU to security problems in its territory, which has mentioned peace, democracy and human rights in its treaties, is worth to analyze. As NATO and EU have mostly the same members, the probability of EU's assignment by UN is getting lower. Once members will authorize the Union on foreign policy and security, EU's prestige on the international platform will be increasing. Moreover there are also some obstacles on developing a European common foreign policy. These are not only about acquis communautaire, but also governments’ perception to theme. It happened on Kosovo conflict, the main subject of this study. Members that couldn't move together before and during the intervention have undertaken some tasks in the interim administration in Kosova. Countries that face problems on minorities within their territories disagreed to new states after Yugoslavia and initiated a campaign against the official recognition of Kosovo. Declaration of independence of Kosovo considered as unacceptable by Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus as it has similarities with Cyprus dispute and also by Spain as it would stand as a sample for Catalan and Bask minorities. Therefore CFSP, which is a accumulation of countries’ foreign policies, lapsed.