The graves of Myndos Asar Island


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2012

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: MUSTAFA UFUK GÜRDAL

Supervisor: İBRAHİM HAKAN MERT

Abstract:

Myndos is an ancient port city located in the Province of Muğla, District of Bodrum, Town of Gümüşlük. It is one the eight cities which were established by the Leleges 2000 B.C. at the latest. Ancient writer Herodotus wrote that the city was one of the first members of Attica-Delos Sea League in 500 B.C. Myndos having served as a front guard in the defence of Halicarnassus, the capital of Ancient Caria Region, and maintained to be a port city for long years turned into an episcopal centre connected to the eparchy of Caria in the Christian period.The land located at the ruins of Myndos and called as Rabbit Island or Asar Island was once actually is an extension of the mainland and the most strategic point protecting the entrance to the port. A monumental structure has been found to exist on the Asar Island examined in detail during the surface researches carried out under the presidency of Prof. Dr. Mustafa ŞAHİN in 2004 and the ground surveys conducted in 2008 and the first scientific excavation has been performed in 2009. During the continuing excavations, the settlement pattern reflecting the Medieval architecture and the archaeological findings belonging to the same period have started to emerge. A total of 11 Byzantine tombs having emerged in 2009 and 2010 provide us information about the history of the late period of the city.Within the scope of this thesis study, the architectural patterns of the tombs, and the golden dress appliqués, belt buckles, coins, ceramics, jewelleries, medallions, and metal and glass findings they contained have been evaluated.As a result of all of the researches carried out, Myndos Asar Island Tombs has been dated to the 6th and 7th centuries B.C. In terms of the architectural features and small findings of the tombs, it has been found out that they had abided by the cultural union in the Western Anatolia in its era.