Myndos Harbour and harbour buildings in the light of Ancient harbours

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2008

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Serkan Gündüz



The Ancient Myndos is one of the important coastal settlements in Caria region. The harbour of the Myndos located in the Western edge of the peninsula, benefiting from the advantageous terrain. It is estimated that the city was found before 7th century BC. Myndos had been a strategic point especially in the Classical period as it was the first defence point in the west against assaults to Halikarnassos, the capital city of Caria. Only the structure which is in the enterance of the harbour, near the beginning of the breakwater have been excavated. The other buildings are still mysterious since they are under water and soil. Although there are three bays around Myndos only the biggest one served as harbour. This harbour was used in both commercial and military purposes. Myndos which was a sea harbour is a natural port according to the classification we made. During the examinations we identified the breakwater definitely in the beginning. The main purpose of this breakwater was to protect the port against assaults and outer effects. It is estimated that another structure in the middle of the port which is under water right now was used as pier and the city walls between the Tavşan island and the mainland was used as breakwater in due time. After the researches we made, it is possible to say that the structure in the entrance, behind the breakwater was an Ayazma (Holy Water). The structure which is located in inner part of the harbour should be the freshwater source which Pir-i Reis mentioned about. The structures located in the inner side of Tavsan island are possibly a cistern network or commercial buildings. We haven’t found any other information which indicates the purpose of the other buildings which we succeeded to define their locations.