Is a new beginning for philosophy possible?: An investigation of the whatness of philosophy in Nietzsche and Heidegger


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: ADNAN ESENYEL

Supervisor: IŞIK EREN

Abstract:

Nietzsche and Heidegger who think that Western philosophy which grew up as a metaphysics has come to an end since it became speechless against the most important problems of humanity, for this reason they assert that philosophy needs a new beginning. In order to achieve this new beginning, both philosophers aim in first place to expose the fundamentals of philosophy and then to change and transform them radically. But once the present fundamentals are demolished, the doubt remains whether there is any constituent left to build up again. So, a transformation of the fundamentals of philosophy and the idea of a new beginning in philosophy contains a certain level of risk. In spite of this, both Nietzsche and Heidegger take the risk to define philosophy anew in order to response to the most basic problems of humankind. With this new defining, for both thinkers philosophy symbolizes an action which does not stay close to science, but to art. Thus in Nietzsche, philosophy becomes an action which creates the values that bases the connection between human and life, whereas in Heidegger philosophy transforms into an experience which uncovers and brings into language the relation between human and Being.