The governers of caliph ali


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: FURKAN ARDIÇ

Supervisor: İlhami Oruçoğlu

Abstract:

The Governers of Caliph Ali Although the organization of the State was not fully realized in the period of the Prophet, a new appointment of administrators was made to the remote areas, which had recently entered Islam and joined the Islamic State through conquest. In the periods of Hz. Abu Bakr, Hz. Omar, Hz. Osman and Hz. Ali, the boundaries of the Islamic State expanded with the conquests, allegiance and the creation of new cities, appointments were made to provinces for various duties for the ease of administration such as Governors, Kadis, Amils. When Ali became the caliph, He dismissed the governors of Osman. He appointed Ubeydullah b. Abbas to Yemen, Sehl b. Hunef to Damascus, Umara b. Shihab to Kufa, Osman b. Huneyf to Basra, Kays b. Sa'd b. Ubade to Egypt. Unlike other caliphs, we see that Hz. Ali appointed people from Yemen tribes and Ensar as governors. It is observed that in his caliphate, there is no different situation in terms of provincial administration and the governors' practices due to dealing with internal divisions.