Examination of the sedition events (Fitnah) in the period of caliph Othman


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: MUHAMMED SAİD UYSAL

Supervisor: İlhami Oruçoğlu

Abstract:

The period of Hulefâ-i Râşidîn (Rightly Guided Caliphs) is a period that Muslims made a great effort to learn and found an example for themselves after the time of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The political events that took place during the period of the first four caliphs, the most prominent Companions, have continued to affect the Islamic world until today. The political events of the period of the Caliph Othman are important in terms of initiating the sectarianization process of Muslims. Because the developments experienced in that period were also the triggers of the events that happened after. The period in question is the period in which the sedition events (fitnah) took place. While examining the events, firstly the events that started just before the death of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) were discussed. In the first chapter, the starting point of sedition, issues such as how it started, which events caused the fitnah were discussed. The opinions put forward on this issue were evaluated. In the second part, the change and transformation of the society, which is one of the reasons and on which we want to focus, has been examined. In the third and last chapter, The martyrdom of Othman and the events before and after he was martyred were tried to be addressed. In the study; despite the readings focused on Othman's mistakes, the effects of society on the events were tried to be explained and the importance of trying to understand the transformation of the social structure rather than looking for a single responsible for all events was emphasized.