A thinker between Ottomanism and Islamism: Mizanci Murat Bey and his political thought

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Thesis Language: Turkish




Within the nature of modernization there is the myth which asserts that mind and science were inserted into the traditional world that was filled by religion. In the West, this process started with questioning the church and its teachings in the light of scientific developments, and at the moment, the search for legitimacy is totally disconnected from religion. However, in the modernization process of the 19th-century Ottoman Empire, religion was taken as the base of political legitimacy. In this century, which is also called the century of ideologies, numerous ideological solutions were developed to save the Empire by the intellectuals. The two most prominent of these ideologies is Islamism and Ottomanism. Islamism is a modern interpretation of Islam, and Ottomanism fundamentally suggests the co-habitance of all nations under the state. A 19th-century intellectual Murad Bey also, on the one hand was influenced by these trends, and on the other hand developed a discourse that underlies the more rigid discussions of the 2nd Constitutional Era. In the current study it is argued that Murad Bey's ideology could be studied within a shared frame of both Islamism and Ottomanism.