The cosmological argument in Islamic theology (hudūth - imkān)

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2007

Thesis Language: Turkish




The cosmological argument is less a particular argument than an argument type. It uses a general pattern of argumentation that makes an inference from certain alleged facts about the world to the existence of a unique being, generally referred to as God. It has always been popular because of being based on observation and experience of the world, rather than the analysis of abstract philosophical notions. Although the various forms of cosmological argument have been used in Islamic theology, the creation argument (huduth) has been the characteristic kalam argument for the existence of God. The atomic theory which had been inherited from other cultures, evolved in the hands of Muslim theologians and paved the way for demonstrating the existence of the creator God with absolute will and power. As an introduction to study, the examples of cosmological argument in non- Islamic cultures have been examined. Then, the cosmological argument versions up to the time that the Islamic theology became much more philosophical have been elaborated. In the last chapter, the critiques of the kalam argument have been studied, and it has been questioned whether they could be justified.