Political and legal status of jerusalem in the international arena


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: EZGİ ÇEVLİKLİ FANDAJ

Supervisor: KAMURAN REÇBER

Abstract:

In this study, Jerusalem city's, which is accepted holy in the three monotheist religions, transformation in the historical process is handled and the city's political and legal status in the context of the United Nations' (UN) resolutions is explained. Within this context, Jerusalem's ancient history is conveyed and city's importance for the three religions is discussed. Jerusalem, entered under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire in 1517. After the World War I, when the Ottoman Empire was defeated during the War, Jerusalem and Palestine, was given under the authorisation of Britain by the League of Nations. This period was a turning point in the history of the city, owing to the fact that great numbers of Jewish immigration occured to Jerusalem. After the Second World War, the state of Israel was declared and Israel occupied West Jerusalem in 1948. In 1967 Israel also occupied the East part of the city and began to take administrative and legal measures to take all of the city - which the status is not determined yet - under its sovereignty. Measures taken by Israel are considered illegal and not accepted by the international community and it is expressed that these measures can not change the city's future status. On the other hand, Israel displays an uncompromising attitude during the peace talks with the Palestinian side and for this reason the issue of Jerusalem has been postponed. Nevertheless, without fixing the issue of Jerusalem, it is hard to establish peace in the region. Israel, which accepted the "Road Map" that is offered to the parties in 2003, is reluctant to fulfill its commitments just as it did not comply with the former agreements. Israel retards the issue, to the detriment of the Palestinian people. In this context, the international community, the permanent members of the Security Council and the countries in the region should address the issue with a more effective manner.