NATO missile defense system in the context of deterrence and the analysis of its impacts on Turkey


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: CRISTINA MINDICANU

Supervisor: FERHAT PİRİNÇÇİ

Abstract:

Turkey has endorsed the new strategic concept of NATO in 2010 which focuses on deployment and development of ballistic missile defence (BMD) shield for the members and allies of NATO in Euro-Atlantic region. Turkey's endorsement of BMD system mainly removed the clouds of uncertainty around the future of the country within the security shield of NATO. Although its foreign policy has been attributed by the persistent pursuit of sovereignty in terms of international and regional relationships during the previous decade, however this endorsement can be taken as the continuing significance of NATO membership for Turkey. Approval of BMD systems created some significant risks for Turkey related with Russia and Iran that both countries have relevant grounds to discontent with BMD system. Despite the consequences, ongoing conjuncture linking to the Middle East and neighbouring countries forced Turkey to even one step further by approving to host an early warning radar site in Turkey's South Eastern part which enables the required timing compared to the previously considered locations in the Europe. This thesis examines the effects of Turkey's endorsement of NATO's ballistic missile defence system in the long run. The major shift in NATO's deterrence posture by deploying missile defence system and the key role of Turkey in this system one more time exhibited the significance of Turkey and NATO for each other respectively. In order to research this issue, this study investigates the concept of nuclear deterrence in the first chapter; examines the deterrence of NATO from an historical perspective through the cold war in the second chapter; evaluates the ballistic missile system of NATO in the third chapter and finally analyzes ballistic missile system in terms of the role, challenges and the future path for Turkey.