Investigation of level of perceived social support, depression and anxiety of parents of childern with moderate and severe mental retardation

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey

Approval Date: 2012

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Şükran Bilgin

Supervisor: SELÇUK KIRLI


In the current study, level of perceived social support, depression and anxiety parents of childern with severe and moderate mental retardation is investigated. Participants of the study were 111 parents (69 mothers, 42 fathers) of children with severe or moderate mental retardation diagnosis. The childeren were attending special education classes, practical training or vocational training centres in the city centre of BursaThe instruments used for the assesment procedure were Sociodemographic Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and Family Support Inventory. SPSS was used for statistical analyses. Analyses carried out in the study were T-test, Kruskal Wallis, Mann Whitney-U, and Correlation.As a result it was observed that mothers ` depression and anxiety level were higher compared to fathers. Although depression level of parents did not differ according to age, income, number of children,mothers marital status mothers depression level did differ according to education level Parents social support perception didi not differ according to gender. While age, income, number of children, did not affect perceived social support mothers marital status did. Mothers education level did not affect social support perception. Fathers education level affected close relationship and financial support perception. A significant relationship is found between parents trait anxiery, depression and social support perception.