An investigation of the predictive roles of marital satisfaction and multidimensional perceived social support on subjective well-being


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: ÖZLEM BAYER

Supervisor: Nagihan Oğuz Duran

Abstract:

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive effects of marital satisfaction and multidimensional perceived social support on subjective well-being levels of married individuals. In line with this purpose, a single-item personal information sheet developed by the researcher, the Subjective Well-Being Scale (SWBS), the Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were administered to a sample of 263 married and literate participants (143 female and 120 male) aged between 18-65 and living in Bursa, Turkey. Initially the data were analyzed to examine the impact of gender on subjective well-being, marital satisfaction and multidimensional perceived social support by using the MANOVA technique. The results demonstrated that the scores on the MPSSS showed significant differences in favor of female participants. Based on this finding, other analyses were conducted separately for female and male groups. In total, four stepwise multiple regression analyses were carried out to investigate the predictive effects of the total and sub-dimension scores of the MSS and the MSPSS on the scores obtained on the SWBS. Two of these stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted on female participants' scores, while the other two were conducted on their male counterparts' scores. The findings indicated that, for female participants multidimensional perceived social support predicted 25% of subjective well being alone, while this percentage was 32% combined with marital satisfaction, for sub-dimensions social support received from family predicted 21%, 35% combined with social support obtained from self, friends support and sexuality. When it comes to male participants, multidimensional perceived social support predicted 22% of subjective well-being alone, while this percentage was 26% coupled with marital satisfaction, and 27% for only social support received from family scores. Consequently, in both groups both social support and marital satisfaction predicted subjective well-being. While perceived social support received from the family was detected to be the strongest predictor of subjective well-being across the two groups, it was the only predictor for the male group. For the female group, the self, social support received from friends and and sexuality were also detected to be the predictors of subjective well-being.