The crisiticism of Ibn al-Arabî against religious scholars


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: ÖMER DURSUN

Supervisor: ABDULLAH KARTAL

Abstract:

During the process of becoming systematic science of Sufism, there has been a debate between the Sufis and the religious scholars. These discussions between the Sufis and religious scholars seem to play an important role in the formation of Sufism. Because the Sufis have positioned themselves according to criticism from the religious scholars. However, the understanding of Sufism, which places itself in relation to Ibn 'Arabi and religious scholars, has been replaced by the metaphysical understanding of Sufisim. Religious scholars have been reshaped according to this system. This thesis deals with the criticisms that Ibn 'Arabi, in constructing the Sufi thought in terms of epistemological and ontologically, directed to people of fukahâ and kalam in the context of the connection between Allah, world and man. Because the understanding of Sufism revealed in the process of being a metaphysical science is based on the idea that the goods is created from both existence and nonexistence/nothing. This proposal, established on the source of the goods, re-systemizes the process of formation of Sufism in epistemological and ontological terms. According to this, the acquired knowledge of heirdom constitutes the epistemological direction of Sufism, and an ontological relationship is established between Allah, the world and man by using this knowledge.