Tomb Group located western area of Eastern Necropolis Basilica in Priene

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2018

Thesis Language: Turkish




7 different graves found during the excavation works that took place from 2016 to 2017 in the west of "Necropolis Basilica" situated in East Necropole in Priene and dating back to 5 BC form the subject of this study. The aforementioned graves were constructed in the form of khamosorion, partial khamosorion and rock cut - masonry. They were usually constructed in the beginning and in the middle of the Hellenistic Era and used continuously up until the era of the Roman Empire. The graves are quite close to the ancient path taking up from East Gate, which is the most mighty and the main entrance, to Magnesia a. M. Therefore, these graves are thought not to belong to ordinary people. Some of the graves are located side by side. The fact that the graves have been constructed adjoinedly and used continuously and two names appearing on a piece of found stel have given rise to the thought of a family cemetery. Most graves give the impression that they were looted during the ancient era. Thus, only a few small findings have been acquired. Among these findings, there are cookers, plates, coins, tips of necklaces, gold leaves and some parts of bones. In conclusion, this grave cluster located in a very small space that is roughly 35 square meter was first started to use right after the founding date of the city and used continuously afterwards. The folk in Priene used the bedrock in the most sufficient way in the necropole field just like they had done within the city, itself, and they put up walls to construct graves when the bedrock was not sufficient enough.