Thesis Type: Postgraduate
Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, SOSYAL BİLİMLER ENSTİTÜSÜ, Turkey
Approval Date: 2006
Thesis Language: Turkish
Student: Mustafa Arıkan
Supervisor: ALİ YAŞAR SARIBAYAbstract:
Nowadays state is almost the most effective and superior institution of life. Because of this characteristics, it is also one of most problemetic objects of political science. From this point of view, the concept of state is debatable from very beginning. It is obvious that this case becomes much more complicated in terms of understanding the pattern of political power of antique societies. Since data related with antique societies are limited by archeological findings. In an attempt to understand political patterns of antique societies by their universe of thought , it is clear that among all archeological findings most precious ones are the myths of that society. It is possible to say that this condition is particularly valid for antique Mesopotamia. Since it is observed that theories about the origin of state do not consider myths of those day in terms of their claims for antique Mesopotamia. When assumed relation between state and myth is thought, this condition attracts attention as a certain deficiency in political science. As it is known to us, The Epic of Gilgamesh was composed in a certain period in which city-kingdoms of Sumer evolved to the state of Akad. Thus The Epic of Gilgamesh becomes significant for understanding the patterns of political power of this period. From this point of view, The Epic of Gilgamesh may make very important contributions to discussion of the “state” or by using a term which is prefered in this study, to the “political power” wich is considered in the context of antique Mesopotamia.