The idea of representation in modern thought and postmodern objections


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: SEMA CEVİRİCİ

Supervisor: KASİM KÜÇÜKALP

Abstract:

Modern thought meets on a common ground with clasiccal thougt in the idea that reality can be grasp applying rationality, however, it dissents from classical thought with regard to ground its discourses about being, knowledge and truth on modern subject. Modern thought which had broken off its links with classical thought on behalf of humanist and subjectivist understanding, had adopted a rational thought which took turn its epistemology as well as its ontological, ethic-politic and aesthectic thoughts. This epistemological adventure has been critisized by postmodern thought since it contains several problems from the begining. In this context postmodern understanding which takes a position against the modern thought as a reaction has seperated from it. Postmodern thought has objected to the idea of modern representation on account of the fact that both its theoretical imposibility and practical problems. Therefore, postmodern thought draws attention to the point that the idea of respresentation carries an oppressive structure with ethic and politic implications as well as its epistemological claims. Based on its oppresive structrue, postmodern thought opens up to a discourse approving differences which has been dominated by the idea of identiy. This study evaluates modern and postmodern claims which take opposite positions on the possibility and imposibility of the representation. In the present study, we are going to analyze its reasons, manifestations, problems and boundaries within the scope of this perspective.