Refunctioning of idle village schools: Çanakkale case


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: SELİN AKTÜRK

Supervisor: Özgür Mehmet Ediz

Abstract:

It is known that education had been based on religious Science for a long time in our country, but positive Science has increased greatly with the Tanzimat Period. With the proclamation of the Republic, as a first step in the education and training activities, great importance was given to increasing the literacy rate. Factors such as urbanization, intemal migration and population increase, which have emerged över time, have also changed education policies. Rural to urban migration experienced by industrialization has intensifıed after 1950s in our country. While the deterioration of the rural-urban balance caused the existing classrooms in the cities to be inadequate, a large number of schools emerged in the countryside, providing education to a small number of students.When compulsory education increased to 8 years in 1997, transportation based education application was brought to the agenda. With this practice, many village schools became idle. Considering the fact that the school is one of the important focal points within the village and its place in the villagers' memory, questions arise about how these structures will rejoin the village. Thus, the concept of refunctionaling and sustainability should also be mentioned for village schools. In this study, examples of the re-functionalization of village schools were examined within the scope of 10 village schools in Çanakkale. The aim of the study is to evaluate the present by presenting examples of how village schools are reused after the idle State of the village schools and to provide suggestions for the future. While examining these schools in the architectural framework, an analysis method that goes down from the upper scale to the plan scale has been created. In this analysis, mapping studies showing the location of the school in the village and its location in the land were made and the actual uses in the school plan schemes and the uses that were the subject of re-use were shown. In order to document the current situation, the study was supported by current photographs of the village and the school.