İbn Hibban's evolution of the contrary hadiths according to the principle of totalitarian in sahih

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2006

Thesis Language: Turkish




The science of hadith has two main aims. One of them is the determination of the resource of hadith, if it belongs to Hz. Muhammed or not and the second one is providing the true understanding of the text which belongs to Hz. Muhammed. Ibn Hebban made significant contributions to true understanding of tremendous hadith literature in accordance with the aim of Hz. Muhammed. Ibn Hebban, who targeted to provide understanding of Sahih hadiths according to the aim of Hz. Muhammed, wanted Sahih to be memorized as Quran. Ibn Hebban distinguished Sahih hadiths into five sections and four hundred subtitles, which don’t contradict to each other, to make easier the understanding, memorizing of them and also to clarify the judgments which they include. The significant objective of this style, which belongs to Ibn Hebban, is the determination of the intentional meaning of Hz. Muhammed and thus clarification of the hadiths which imams discussed and reached different judgments. According to Ibn Hebban it is impossible to interpret the knowledge of Hz. Muhammed for people who don’t have enough information about science of hadiths. That kind of people can suppose that there is a contradiction between the hadiths which are complicated. This situation means the discontinue of one or both of the hadiths. Actually the real case is not like this. So that Ibn Hebban developed his original classification to connect the meaning which was inferenced from hadiths and the real intention of Hz. Muhammed as a unified whole. Also he wrote el-Musnedu’s Sahih ‘ala’t Takasim ve’l Enva‘ which is known as Sahihu’l Ibn Hebban. In conclusion Ibn Hebban accumulated hadiths, that he could find, and collected variants of the hadiths together. Also he invalidated the arguments about the contradiction and in this way he presented one of the most significant example of totalitarian approach.