The modern philosophical thought and it's review on the context of utopias and dystopias


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Uludağ Üniversitesi, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: DENİZ KURTYILMAZ

Supervisor: KASİM KÜÇÜKALP

Abstract:

The purpose of this study is examining the basic characteristics of modern philosophical thought and its reviews by giving particular examples of utopias and dystopias, as well.In the first chapter, the terms of utopia and dystopia has been tried to define; concepts, themes and historical processes that created them were investigated. In addition, it is informed about the literal works used as examples of utopia which are Utopia, The City of The Sun and New Atlantis and dystopias that are We, Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four.The second chapter of our thesis is a sort of investigation related to what is modern philosophical thought and how it occured. The historical journey of modern philosophical thought has been tried to be followed starting from the beginning of Renaissance to the eighteenth century's Enlightenment.In the third chapter, firstly, the relationship between utopia and modernism has been mentioned; and then, the basic features of modern philosophy have been subjected on the context of selected utopia samples. In the final section of this chapter it has been investigated that how and to what extend the modern thought shows itself in utopias which can be seen as an entire social philosophy texts.In the last chapter of the thesis, the course of modern thought in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries has been described and its criticisms have been addressed on the context of dystopias.