Turkey - European Union relations on migration and asylum: A legal approach to the Syrian migrant crisis

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Bursa Uludağ University, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Aysu Karacalar



Due to the conjunctural transformation, the phenomenon of migration is now associated with the concept of forced displacement and points to a multidimensional dynamism where international actors are involved. The most recent example of this dynamism is the mass influx of the Middle East. In this respect, the rising chaos in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic triggered a new trend of migration, which was unpredictable, and left the international community facing a crisis that is difficult to take under control. The Migration Crisis, which has a global nature due to its consequences, has accelerated the collective cooperation efforts by introducing the phenomenon of migration governance. In this context, cooperation process between Turkey and European Union, which started at the process of accession negotiations and showed the institutionalization trend with the migrant crisis, is dicussed. In this respect, evaluations on the quality and sustainability of the common asylum regime established by the parties are put forward. This cooperation forum, which is institutionalized through various mechanisms such as the Readmission Agreement and the Visa Freedom Dialogue, stands out as a dynamic process that produces solid outputs in the eyes of the international community. This engagement also allows the EU to take control of the crisis in buffer zones while symbolizing the expectations of Turkey in regards of sharing the responsibility and burden. In this respect, it refers to a consensus formed in accordance with the mutual interests of the parties. Today, the suspended dialogue process brings a distrust that cannot be compensated in the short term. This stagnation hinders efforts in crisis management, at the same time, Turkey has come under a great burden that can not be overcome in the long term causing an unpredictable dead end (ben buraya for Turkey eklemek istiyorum çünkü cümle öyle tamamlanıyor ama o zaman cümlede iki Turkey oluyor. O yüzden böyle bırakıyorum). In this context, the need for the support of the international community to develop a humanitarian approach to break the deadlock for Turkey and in regards of the crisis, reveals the necessity for key actors such as the UN and the EU to play a much more effective role in crisis resolution.